Monday, May 29, 2017

Statue of Historic Figure: John F. Kennedy - Boston, MA

John F. Kennedy
Boston, MA



N 42° 21.478 W 071° 03.846

Short Description: 

A statue of John Fitzgerald Kennedy is located on the south lawn of the State House on 24 Beacon Street, Boston, MA.

Long Description:

An 8' high by 3.5' wide bronze statue of John F. Kennedy is depicted walking on a 3.5' wide by 7' long rectangular base, two-tiered, stone base. Kennedy is wearing a suit with a two button jacket and a thin tie. He is walking with his leg slightly bent and behind his right foot. His left hand is touching the flap of his jacket pocket. Eight maple leaves and 68 seedpods are inscribed on the pedestal. They are meant to represent death and regeneration.

The statue was created by Isabel McIlvain in 1988 and dedicated Isabel dedicated on May Dedicated May 29, 1990, the 73rd anniversary of Kennedy’s birth.

John F. Kennedy was born in Brookline, MA on May 29, 1917. He served as the commander of PT 109 during World War II and was subsequently elected to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate before being the youngest person to be elected President of the United States at age 43 in 1960. He was assassinated while in office on November 22, 1963.



The front of the base is inscribed:

JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY
1917-1963
35TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES



The back of the base is inscribed:

A GIFT FROM THE PEOPLE OF
THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS
MAY 29, 1990

The left side of the base is inscribed:

UNITED STATES CONGRESSMAN
1947-1953

The right side of the base is inscribed:

UNITED STATES SENATOR
1953-1960 

Grave of a Famous Person: Julia Ward Howe - Watertown, MA

Grave of  Julia Ward Howe
Watertown, MA


N42° 22.178 W71° 08.828



Short Description:

The grave of poet, author, abolitionist, and women's rights activist Julia Ward Howe is located along Spruce Avenue opposite Pyrola Path in Mount Auburn Cemetery. 

Long Description:

A simple stone marker facing Spruce Avenue  marks the grave of Julia Ward Howe. The stone is inscribed:

JULIA WARD HOWE
Daughter of
SAMUEL WARD
Wife of 
SAMUEL GRIDLEY HOWE
Born May 27, 1819
Died October 10, 1910

Julia Ward  was born on May 27, 1819 in New York City. She was educated by private tutors and in schools for young ladies until she was sixteen. She married physician and social reformer Gamuel Gridley Howe in 1843. Together the couple had six children.

She wrote essays on Goethe, Schiller and Lamartine which were published in the New York Review and Theological Review. She is most famous for writing the lyrics the the Union Civil War anthem The Battle Hymn of the Republic in 1861.  After the War she became an activist for pacifism and women's suffrage. She helped found the New England Women's Club and the New England Woman Suffrage Association. In 1869, she became co-leader, with Lucy Stone, of the American Woman Suffrage Association. Howe was elected president of the Association for the Advancement of Women in 1881 and founded the Century Club of San Francisco. In 1890, she helped found the General Federation of Women’s Clubs,

Julia Ward Howe was the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, in 1908. She was inducted posthumously into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

Selected works from Wikipedia:

Poetry:

Passion-Flowers (1854)
Words for the Hour (1857)
The Battle Hymn of the Republic (1861)
From Sunset Ridge: Poems Old and New (1898)
Later Lyrics (1866)
At Sunset. published posthumously, (1910)

Other works

The Hermaphrodite. Incomplete, (1846 to 1847)
A Trip to Cuba (1860)
From the Oak to the Olive (1868)
Modern Society, essays, (1881)
Margaret Fuller (Marchesa Ossoli), a biography, (1883)
Woman's work in America (1891)
Is Polite Society Polite? , essays, (1895)
Reminiscences: 1819–1899, an autobiography, (1899)



Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Exceptional Tree: Endecott Pear Tree - Danvers. MA

Endecott Pear Tree
Danvers, MA


N 42° 32.897 W 070° 55.807



Quick Description: 

The Endecott (a.k.a. Endicott) Pear Tree is located down slope from the parking area behind the Osram Sylvania building at 104 Endicott Street in Danvers, MA. It is both the oldest cultivated tree in America and the oldest fruit tree in America.

Long Description:

The Endecott Pear Tree is a European Pear (Pyrus communis) tree first planted in its current location by the Governor of the Massachusetts bay Colony, John Endecott, sometime about 1632. The tree was brought over from England on the sailing ship Arbella in June 1630.



In 1964 tree was attacked by vandals. They chopped off all the branches and cut the trunk off 6 feet above the ground. However it re-sprouted. The Endecott Pear Tree is now protected by its sheltered location and surrounded by an iron fence. It is doing quite well in its protected location and still bears fruit. A bronze sign at the edge of the parking lot has the emblem of the Colonial Dames XVII Century and is inscribed:

THE ENDECOTT PEAR TREE

GROWING ON THIS SITE IS THE OLDEST
CULTIVATED TREE IN AMERICA, PLANTED ca. 1632
BY JOHN ENDECOTT, FIRST GOVERNOR OF THE
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY. THE "ENDECOTT
PEAR TREE" IS A LIVING LINK TO THE EARLIEST
EUROPEAN SETTLERS OF OUR NATION. ENDECOTT
WAS GRANTED 300 ACRES WHERE HE SETTLED
AND FARMED, CALLING THIS PROPERTY "ORCHARD
FARM." THIS ANCIENT TREE LIVES AS A SYMBOL
OF HERITAGE, STRENGTH AND RESILIENCE.

PRESENTED BY
GOV. JOHN ENDECOTT CHAPTER, NSCDXVII
16 SEPTEMBER 2011

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Roadside Attraction: Salem Witchcraft Victims Memorial - Danvers, MA

Salem Witchcraft Victims Memorial
Danvers, MA


N 42° 33.932 W 070° 57.460

Quick Description: 

America's most famous sociological disaster was caused by mass hysteria. It occurred in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Salem Witchcraft Victims Memorial preserves the memory of the victims. It is located at 176 Hobart Street in Danvers, MA.

Long Description:

Between between February 1692 and May 1693 episodes of mass hysteria swept through the settlements in and around present day city of Salem which resulted in more than 20 women and men being accused of witchcraft, tried, convicted, and executed. The events were centered around the settlement of Salem Village northwest of Salem. The town subsequently changed its name to Danvers.

In 1992, on the 200th anniversary of the Salem Witch Trials, the citizens of Danvers erected a memorial to 24 victims who were killed as a result of the episodes of mass hysteria. A granite memorial consisting of a granite block inscribed with the dedication. On top of the block are a pair of iron shackles, and a sculpture of an open book with the inscription THE BOOK OF LIFE written across the pages. Behind are a series of five upright granite panels which are inscribed with the names, cause of death, and several quotes from the victims.

The dedication reads:

IN MEMORY OF THOSE INNOCENTS
WHO DIED DURING THE
SALEM VILLAGE WITCHCRAFT HYSTERIA
OF 1692

The first granite panel is inscribed:



“I am an innocent person. I never
had to do with witchcraft since I
was born. I am a Gosple woman.”
MARTHA CORY


“The Lord above knows my innocencye
as att the great day will be known
to men and Angells. I Petition to your
honours not for my own life for I know
I must die and my appointed time is
sett but the Lord he knows it is that
if it be possible no more innocent
blood may be shed ...”
MARY ESTY


“If it was the last moment I was to
live, God knows I am innocent ...”
ELIZABETH HOW


“Well! Burn me, or hang me, I will
stand the truth of Christ ...”
GEORGE JACOBS, SR.

The second granite panel is inscribed:



Died in jail May 10, 1692
SARAH OSBURN of Salem Village

Hanged June 10, 1692
BRIDGET BISHOP of Salem

Died in jail June 16, 1692
ROGER TOOTHAKER of Billerica

Died in jail previous to July 19, 1692
INFANT DAUGHTER to Sarah Good
of Salem Village


Hanged July 19, 1692

SARAH GOOD of Salem

ELIZABETH HOW of Topsfield

SUSANNAH MARTIN of Amesbury

REBECCA NURSE of Salem Village

SARAH WILDS of Topsfield

The third granite panel has the image of a trial judge and is inscribed:



Hanged August 19, 1692

REV. GEORGE BURROUGHS of Wells, Maine,
formerly of Salem Village

MARTHA CARRIER of Andover

GEORGE JACOBS, SR. of Salem

JOHN PROCTER, SR. of Salem Farmes

JOHN WILLARD of Salem Village


Died under torture September 19, 1692
GILES CORY of Salem Farmes

The fourth granite panel is inscribed:



Hanged September 22, 1692

MARTHA CORY of Salem Farmes

MARY ESTY of Topsfield

ALICE PARKER of Salem

MARY PARKER of Salem

ANN PUDEATOR of Salem

WILMOT REDD of Marblehead

MARGARET SCOTT of Rowley

SAMUEL WARDWELL of Andover


Died in jail December 3, 1692
ANN FOSTER of Andover


Died in jail March 10, 1693
LYDIA DASTIN of Reading

The fifth granite panel is inscribed:



“Amen. Amen. A false tongue
will never make a guilty person.”
SUSANNAH MARTIN


“I can say before my Eternal
father. I am innocent & God will clear my innocency.”
REBECCA NURSE


“The Magistrates, Ministers, Jewries,
and all the People in general, being
so much inraged and incensed against
us by the Delusion of the Devil,
which we can term no other, by reason
we know in our own Consciences, we
are all innocent Persons.”
JOHN PROCTER SR.


“ ... I fear not but the Lord in his due time
will make me as white as snow.”
JOHN WILLARD

Sponsors Monument


Thursday, May 18, 2017

Roadside Attraction: UFO Close Encounter Monument - Sheffield, MA

UFO Close Encounter Monument
Sheffield, MA


N 42° 07.447 W 073° 21.248



Short Description:

 A granite monument, containing an official citation from the Governor of Massachusetts, marks the spot where the Reed Family claims to have had a physical encounter with a UFO. It is located east of the Old Covered Bridge in Sheffield, MA.



Long Description:

When Thomas Reed was 6 years old he reports being taken aboard a circular looking vessel by extra-terrestrial beings. In he fall of 1969 he and his younger brother Matthew experienced bright bursts of light through their bedroom window. Thomas was engulfed in the light and his brother was now speaking to an empty bed. An odd stillness ensued and their mother, Nancy, and their grandmother, Marian, were experiencing a cataleptic state.

For decades Thomas Reed worked to have his story vindicated. On November 3, 20015 he obtained a "Citation of Recognition" from the Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The UFO monument reproduces the citation on the black painted granite monument. The citation is inscribed:

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
{Seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts}
Thomas E. Reed

On behalf of the citizens of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
I am pleased to confer upon you this Governor's Citation in recognition
of the off-world incident on September 1st, 1969, which engaged the Reed Family, which
has been established. Your dedicated service to the incident was factually upheld,
founded, and deemed historically significant and true by means of Massachusetts
Historians. The records highlighting the historic event are now officially part of the
Great Barrington, MA Historical Society's Collection and your recent induction into
Massachusetts History

This Third Day of November in the year 2015

{signed}                       {signed}
Charles D. Baker          Karyn E. Polito
          Governor                       Lieutenant Governor

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Grave of a Famous Person: Clara Barton - Oxford, MA

Clara Barton Gravesite
North Cemetery
Oxford, MA


N 42° 08.429 W 071° 52.103



Short Description: 

The grave of Civil War nurse and founder of the American Red Cross is located in North Cemetery in Oxford, MA.



Long Description:

Three granite monuments are located in the family plot which contains the grave of Clara Barton. The head and foot of the grave are marked by a pair of monuments. A simple 2' high granite gravestone is simply marked C.B. It is paired with a 6' high monument which contains a Red Cross on top of base that has a bronze wreath. A large family gravestone is inscribed with a synopsis of Clara Barton's accomplishments. It is inscribed:


CLARA BARTON
"ANGEL OF THE BATTLEFIELD"
CIVIL WAR 1861 - 1865
FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAS 1870 -1871
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 1898
ORGANIZER AND PRESIDENT OF THE 
AMERICAN RED CROSS
1881-1904
DEC. 25, 1821 - APRIL 12, 1912

BARTON

Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was born on Christmas Day in 1821 in North Oxford, MA. During her life she held many positions that were unusual for a woman at that time. She was a teacher, patent clerk, nurse, and humanitarian.

Early in her career she worked as a school teacher is south central Massachusetts. In 1850, she attended the Clinton Liberal Institute in New York and then opened a free school in New Jersey. Next she worked as a clerk in the US Patent Office in Washington D.C.

In 1855 she moved to Washington D.C. and began work as a clerk in the US Patent Office. She was the first woman to hold a Federal position at the same salary as a man.

In 1862, during the Civil War after the First Battle of Bull Run Clara Barton involved the public and gathered and distributed medical supplies for wounded soldiers. In 1864, she was appointed by Union General Benjamin Butler to take charge of the field hospitals on the front lines for the Union Army on the James River. In this capacity, she became known as the "Angel of the Battlefield." After the war she was in charge of the Office of Missing Soldiers.

After the war she traveled to Europe. During a trip to Geneva, Switzerland, Clara Barton was introduced to the Swiss organization the Red Cross, an organization founded by Henry Dunant that provided relief on a neutral basis. Clara Barton worked to get recognition for International Committee of the Red Cross by the United States government. Soon thereafter, Clara Barton became the first President of the American Red Cross.

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Citizen Memorial: Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton - Boston, MA

Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton
Boston, MA


N 42° 21.496 W 071° 03.794

Short Description: 

A plaque honoring Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton is located on a wall in Nurses Hall in the Massachusetts State House at 24 Beacon Street, Boston, MA.

Long Description:

 20" by 16" bronze plaque in Nurses Hall of the Massachusetts State House commemorates the life and accomplishments of Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton. The plaque contains a relief portrait of Clara Barton down to the top of her shoulders. Below the portrait is the inscription:

Clarissa (Clara) Harlowe Barton
"Angel of the Battlefield"
1821 - 1912

Teacher, self-taught nurse,
women's rights advocate,
founder of the American Red Cross

A native of Oxford, Massachusetts
Clara Barton
has a commitment to humanity,
a spirit of perseverance,
and determination that continues
to be an inspiration to the 
citizens of the Commonwealth.

Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was born on Christmas Day in 1821 in North Oxford, MA. During her life she held many positions that were unusual for a woman at that time. She was a teacher, patent clerk, nurse, and humanitarian.

Early in her career she worked as a school teacher is south central Massachusetts. In 1850, she attended the Clinton Liberal Institute in New York and then opened a free school in New Jersey. Next she work as a clerk in the US Patent Office in Washington D.C.

In 1855 she moved to Washington D.C. and began work as a clerk in the US Patent Office. She was the first woman to hold a Federal position at the same salary as a man.

In 1862, during the Civil War after the First Battle of Bull Run Clara Barton involved the public and gathered and distributed medical supplies for wounded soldiers. In 1864, she was appointed by Union General Benjamin Butler to take charge of the field hospitals on the front lines for the Union Army on the James River. In this capacity, she became known as is known as the "Angel of the Battlefield." After the war she was in charge of the Office of Missing Soldiers.

After the war she traveled to Europe. During a trip to Geneva, Switzerland, Clara Barton was introduced to the Swiss organization the Red Cross, an organization founded Henry Dunant that provided relief on a neutral basis. Clara Barton worked to get recognition for International Committee of the Red Cross by the United States government. Soon thereafter, Clara Barton became the first President of the American Red Cross.

The Massachusetts State House at 24 Beacon Street in Boston is open to the public Monday through Friday from 10 am to 4 pm. All visitors must enter through the General Hooker entrance.

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Childhood Home: Clara Barton Birthplace & Museum - North Oxford, MA

Clara Barton Birthplace & Museum 
North Oxford, MA




N 42° 09.180 W 071° 53.707




Short Description: 

Clara Barton Birthplace Museum is located at 66 Clara Barton Road off Route 12 in North Oxford, MA. Clara Barton was the founder of the American Red Cross.



Long Description:

Clara Barton Birthplace and Museum features exhibits "to learn about her life of boundless mercy and commitment." Hours - From May 31st to August 30th, the museum is open Friday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. In September, the museum is open Saturdays only from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tours are also available by appointment. October to May, weekdays--by appointment only.

Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was born on Christmas Day in 1821 in this house North Oxford, MA. She lived their until she reached adulthood. During her life she held many positions that were unusual for a woman at that time. She was a teacher, patent clerk, nurse, and humanitarian.

Early in her career she worked as a school teacher is south central Massachusetts. In 1850, she attended the Clinton Liberal Institute in New York and then opened a free school in New Jersey. Next she work as a clerk in the US Patent Office in Washington D.C.

She was in Washington D.C. when the Civil War began. In 1862, after the First Battle of Bull Run, Clara Barton involved the public and gathered and distributed medical supplies for wounded soldiers. In 1864, she was appointed by Union General Benjamin Butler to take charge of the field hospitals on the front lines for the Union Army of the James. In this capacity, she became known as is known as the "Angel of the Battlefield." After the war she was in charge of the Office of Missing Soldiers.

After the war she traveled to Europe. During a trip to Geneva, Switzerland, Clara Barton was introduced to the Swiss organization the Red Cross, an organization founded Henry Dunant that provided relief on a neutral basis. Clara Barton worked to get recognition for International Committee of the Red Cross by the United States government. Soon thereafter, Clara Barton became the first President of the American Red Cross.

Monday, April 10, 2017

Roadside Attraction: Colgate Clock - Jersey City, NJ

Colgate Clock
Jersey City, NJ


N 40° 42.722 W 074° 02.021



Short Description: 

The Colgate Clock once held the record of the World's Largest Clock, It is located on the grounds of Exchange Place, facing the Hudson River, in Jersey City, NJ.



Long Description:

The Colgate Clock is an octagonal clock with a diameter of 50'. it was constructed in 1924 and originally was located on top of the Colgate-Palmolive Building. It was meant to be viewed from lower Manhattan or by boats and ships sailing on the Hudson River. When the e Colgate-Palmolive Building was demolished and the new Goldman-Sachs headquarters building was built, the clock was relocated to its current location.

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Philatelic Photo: Torre de Belém - Lisbon, Portugal

Torre de Belém
Lisbon
Portugal


N 38° 41.502 W 009° 12.945



Short Description: 

The Torre de Belém is a fortified tower located at the north side of the mouth of the Tagus River in Lisbon, Portugal. It was designated a a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the nearby Jerónimos Monastery, in 1983.


Long Description:

The Torre de Belém was designed in the Gothic style by King John II as a defensive structure and as a gateway to Lisbon on the Tagus River. In 1515 construction began under the direction of architects: Francisco de Arruda, Francisco de Holanda, António Viana Barreto, and António de Azevedo e Cunha. The Torre de Belém was completed in 1519. The limestone Torre de Belém has two parts, a four story tower and a bastion on the south side of the tower.

The Torre de Belém began being used as a state prison in 1580 when it was captured by the Spanish forces of the Duke of Alba. It continued to be uses as a prison for condemned people of high social status until 1830.



Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Great Buildings: Hagia Sophia - Istanbul, Turkey

Hagia Sophia
Istanbul, Turkey


N 41° 00.468 E 028° 58.752


Short Description: 

The Hagia Sofia has a long and complex history. It is located at Sultan Ahmet Mahallesi, Ayasofya Meydani, 34122 Fatih/Istanbul, Turkey.



Long Description:

Hagia Sophia is one of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture. It was originally built as the Church of the Holy Wisdom between 532 and 537 by the order of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I. The massive Byzantine structure was designed by the Greek architects Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles.



In 1453, the Ottoman Empire under Mehmed the Conqueror conquered Constantinople. Minarets were added and the church was then converted into a mosque. It remained a mosque until 1935, after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire following World War I. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first Turkish President and founder of the Republic of Turkey, was an advocate for a westernized and more secular Turkey. He transformed the building into a museum. Much of the interior, especially the mosaics, retain the characteristics of a church and a mosque.

Monday, March 27, 2017

Googie Architecture: LAX Theme Building - Los Angeles, California

LAX Theme Building
Los Angeles, California


N 33° 56.615 W 118° 24.114

Short Description: 

The LAX Theme Building is the most outstanding building of Los Angeles Airport.

Long Description:

The flying saucer shaped Theme Building was designed by several architects and engineers headed by William Pereira and Charles Luckman and included Paul Williams and Welton Becket. The initial design of the building was created by James Langenheim, of Pereira & Luckman. The building features a futuristic design commonly known a Googie architecture. It was dedicated on June 25, 1961.

The LAX Theme Building once contained a now closed rotating restaurant. For security reasons, its observation tower is open on a limited basis on weekends.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

Figurative Sculpture: Still Water - London, England

Still Water
London, England


N 51° 30.772 W 000° 09.575

Quick Description: 

Still Water is a huge bronze sculpture of a horse's head located at Marble Arch in London, England



Long Description:

Still Water is a bronze sculpture of a Marwari horse's head sculpted by Nic Fiddian-Green in 2011. The head is enormous. It is 10 meters (33') high and weighs 6 tonne. The sculpture depicts the horse with its nose facing down as if it were drinking water, hence the name. The sculpture replace an earlier, similar, but slightly smaller, work by the same artist called Horse at Water.

Monday, January 16, 2017

Figurative Sculpture: Caballo (Horse) - El Prat de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain

Caballo (Horse)
El Prat de Llobregat, Barcelona 
Cataluña, Spain


N 41° 18.219 E 002° 04.664



Short Description: 

Caballo is located in the public arrivals area of Terminal 2B of Barcelona's El Prat de Llobregat airport in Barcelona, Spain.



Long Description:

Caballo is a gigantic bronze sculpture of a horse created by Colombian sculptor Fernando Botero in 1992. The sculpture is 3.4 meters high and 2.5 meters long and is set on a square marble base. The sculpture is created in Botero's his signature style of exaggerated size known as Boterismo. The horse is standing on four massive feet on a bronze plinth. Its head is bowed and tail is down.


A bronze plaque on the marble base is inscribed:

CABALLO
Fernando Botero
1992

Aeropuerto Españales Y Navegación Aérea

The sculpture is a popular meeting place for greeting people arriving at Barcelona's El Prat Airport.

Sunday, January 15, 2017

Gothic Architecture: Torres de Serrans - Valencia, Spain

Torres de Serrans 
Valencia
Cataluña, Spain


N 39° 28.763 W 000° 22.557



Short Description: 

Torres de Serrans is one of the twelve gates that formed part of the ancient city wall, the Christian Wall, of the City of Valencia. it is located at Plaça dels Furs, Valencia,  Spain


Long Description:

The Torre de Serrans (Valencian spelling) was built between 1392 and 1398 by Pere Balaguer in the Valencian Gothic style as part of the city's fortification. Construction began on the April 6, 1392, on the site of an older gateway. It was completed March 1398. The structure is considered to be the largest Gothic city gateway in Europe.



At each end of the structure are pentagon shaped guard towers with crenellated battlements. The towers are joined by a two story structure. On the city side there are three large Gothic style pointed arched openings and the second level. The towers rise above the second level and, on the city side, there are two arched openings below the towers. A central, ground level, arched opening functioned as the city gate. The Serranos Towers are made of hard stone with a limestone façade to give it a smooth appearance.

After one of the main prisons of Valencia burnt down in 1586 the towers were converted into a prison for knights and the nobility, like the Tower of London or the Bastille. In 1887, all the prisoners were transferred to the monastery of Saint Austin and it ceased to be a prison. Since the Torres de Serrans were in active use when the city wall were dismantled, the structure was spared destruction. Today if functions as a museum.

The Serranos Towers became the ceremonial entrance to the city. During the Spanish Civil War, art from the Prado was stored in the towers for protection from Francoist bombers.

Baroque Architecture: Palacio de Dos Aguas - Valencia, Spain

Palacio de Dos Aguas
Museo Nacional de Cerámica 
"González Martí" 
Valencia
Cataluña, Spain


N 39° 28.366 W 000° 22.481



Short Description:

Palacio de Dos Aguas/Museo Nacional de Cerámica "González Martí" is located at Carrer del Poeta Querol, 2, València, Spain. It's famous for it's Rococo entrance.



Long Description:

The former Palace of the Marqués de Dos Aguas is now the González Martí National Museum of Ceramics and Decorative Arts (Museo Nacional de Cerámica y de las Artes Suntuarias González Martí). In 1740 the entire palace was redesigned in the Rococo, Late Baroque style designed by Hipolito Rovira and sculpted in alabaster by Ignacio Vergara. The museum features an especially magnificent doorway.

Relief sculptures of apparently sleeping men, Atlanteans, flank the entrance. They represent the two largest rivers of the Valencia area, the Turia and Júcar. The figures are a reference to the name Dos Aguas. The jugs of spilling water at the lower left and right are a visual pun on the name of the former owner of the palace. The coat of arms of the Marqués de Dos Aguas is sculpted over the door. At the top is a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary holding the infant Jesus in her left arm. At her feet are a pair of cherubs.

Stone Church Artifact: Holy Chalice (Santo Cáliz) - Valencia, Spain

Holy Chalice
(Santo Cáliz)
Valencia
 Cataluña, Spain


N 39° 28.502 W 000° 22.507


Short Description: 

An agate chalice reputed to be the Holy Grail from which Jesus drank from at the Last Supper is located in the Chapel of the Holy Chalice in Valencia Cathedral, Valencia. Spain.

Long Description:




In the Chapel of the Holy Chalice (Santo Caliz), above and behind an altar framed by an elaborate stone frontispiece and set behind bulletproof glass, is a 17 cm high by 9 cm wide, highly polished, translucent, dark red-brown agate chalice. Other features were added later, including an alabaster base, gold stem, and an assortment of jewels. The base measures 14.5 cm wide by 9.7 cm high.

The relic part is presumed to be of Alexandrian origin which archaeologists date to 100 BC to 50 BC. According to a paper published by Professor Antonio Beltrán in 1960, “El Santo Cáliz de la Catedral de Valencia” (“The Holy Chalice of the Valencia Cathedral”). The authenticity of the chalice was never refuted.

The first explicit reference to the Chalice of Valencia comes from an inventory of the treasury of the monastery of San Juan de la Peña drawn up by Don Carreras Ramírez, Canon of Zaragoza, on December 14, 1134. In the inventory the Chalice is described as the vessel in which "Christ Our Lord consecrated his blood" ("En un arca de marfil está el Cáliz en que Cristo N. Señor consagró su sangre, el cual envió S. Lorenzo a su patria, Huesca"). Both Pope John Paul II, in November 1982, and Pope Benedict XVI, in July 2006, celebrated mass with the Holy Chalice.