Monday, June 26, 2017

Grave Marker With Cause of Death: Arthur Buckminster Fuller - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Arthur Buckminster Fuller
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.192 W 071° 08.761



Short Description: 

The grave of Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller, who was killed during the Civil War during the Battle of Frericksburg, is located in the Fuller family between Pyrola and Bellwort Paths in Mount Auburn Cemetery.



Long Description:

A marble monument with two embedded bronze plaques marks the grave of Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller and his wife. The upper plaque contains a Maltese Cross in the center of a wreath and is inscribed:

ARTHUR BUCKMINSTER
FULLER
GRADUATED HARVARD COLLEGE 1843
GRADUATED HARVARD DIVINITY SCHOOL 1847
COMMISSIONED CHAPLAIN OF THE
16TH MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS
AUGUST 1, 1861
KILLED AT FREDERICKSBURG, VA
DECEMBER 11, 1862
"I MUST DO SOMETHING FOR MY COUNTRY"

The lower plaque for is wife is inscribed:

EMMA LUCILLA REEVES
FULLER
HIS WIFE
-----
BORN SEPTEMBER 30, 1833
DIED SEPTEMBER 29, 1904
-----
"SHE MADE SUNSHINE IN THE SHADY PLACE"

The Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller was the grandfather of architect Buckminster Fuller and the brother of poet Margaret Fuller-Ossoli. He joined the 16th Massachusetts regiment as a chaplain and was honorably discharged on December 10, 1862 due to failing health. The next day he volunteered to join a a group of soldiers crossing the Rappahannock River. He and was killed while attempting to drive the Confederate sharpshooters from the city.

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Cenotaph/Grave With Cause of Death: Margaret Fuller-Ossoli, Husband and Son - Watertown, MA

Margaret Fuller-Ossoli
Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli
Giovanni Angelo Ossoli
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.192 W 071° 08.755



Short Description: 

A memorial cenotaph honoring American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate Margaret Fuller-Ossoli, her husband  Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli, and which also the grave of her son Angelo Eugene Philip Ossoli is located between Pyrola and Bellwort Paths in Mount Auburn Cemetery.



Long Description:

American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate Margaret Fuller-Ossoli and her Italian husband Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli along with her one year old son Angelo Eugene Philip Ossoli died in a shipwreck just a few yards off Fire Island, NY.

The marble cenotaph, which also serves as and grave marker for their son, honoring Margaret Fuller-Ossoli contains a cross on top, a relief sculptures of Margaret Fuller-Ossoli in left profile with a sword hilt and a book, and a bronze tablet which is inscribed:

IN MEMORY OF
MARGARET FULLER-OSSOLI
BORN IN CAMBRIDGE, MASS., MAY 23, 1810

BY BIRTH A CHILD OF NEW ENGLAND
BY ADOPTION A CITIZEN OF ROME
BY GENIUS BELONGING TO THE WORLD

IN YOUTH
AN INSATIATE STUDENT SEEKING THE HIGHEST CULTURE

IN RIPER YEARS
TEACHER, WRITER, CRITIC, OF LITERATURE AND ART

IN MATURER AGE
COMPANION AND HELPER OF MANY
EARNEST REFORMER IN AMERICA AND EUROPE

AND OF HER HUSBAND
GIOVANNI ANGELO, MARQUIS OSSOLI
HE GAVE UP RANK, STATION AND HOME
FOR THE ROMAN REPUBLIC
AND FOR HIS WIFE AND CHILD

AND OF THAT CHILD
ANGELO EUGENE PHILIP OSSOLI
BORN IN RIETI, ITALY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1848
WHOSE DUST REPOSES AT THE FOOT OF THIS STONE

THEY PASSED FROM THIS LIFE, TOGETHER
BY SHIPWRECK JULY 19, 1850

On the marble below is the inscription:

United in life the merciful father took them together
and in death they were not devided.

Sarah Margaret Fuller was born on May 23, 1810 in Cambridge, MA. She attended the Boston Lyceum for Young Ladies from and later the School for Young Ladies in Groton. She aspired to be a journalist. At age 23, she published her first work in the North American Review - a response to historian George Bancroft.

From 1840 to 1842, she served with Ralph Waldo Emerson as editor of a literary and philosophical journal, The Dial; for which she wrote many articles and reviews on art and literature. Her essay The Great Lawsuit. Man versus Men, Woman versus Women was a call for women's equality.

After she published Summer on the Lakes, in 1844, she was invited to joined Horace Greeley's New York Tribune as literary critic, was the first full-time book reviewer in America, and the first female editor of the New York Tribune. In 1845, she published Woman in the Nineteenth Century, which is considered to be a classic of feminist thought.

On a trip to Europe, she met and married Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli. Together they has a son, Angelo. All three died in a shipwreck only 50 yards off Fire Island, NY on July 19, 1850. Her body and that of her husband were never recovered. She was 40 years old.

Friday, June 23, 2017

Grave of a Famous Person: Edwin Booth - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Edwin Booth
Watertown, MA


N42° 22.197 W71° 08.772

Short Description:

The grave of the famous 19th century Shakespearean actor Edwin Thomas Booth is located along Anemone Path in Mount Auburn Cemetery.




Long Description:

The grave of Edwin Booth is marked by a 5 ft. by 2 ft.by 6 in.granite monument with a bronze relief medallion showing the left profile of Booth.  The monument was sculpted by Frank Edwin Elwell in 1895. The architect for the monument was Sanford White. The front of the granite monument is inscribed:

BOOTH

{bronze medallion}

EDWIN BOOTH
BORN NOVEMBER 13, 1833
DIED JUNE 7, 1893

"I WILL TURN THEIR MOURNING
INTO JOY AND WILL COMFORT THEM
AND MAKE THEM REJOICE FROM.
THEIR SORROW" JER XXI 13 


From the Smithsonian Art Inventory, SIRIS, website

The back of the monument has a relief of the masks representing drama and comedy and the inscription from Shakespeare:

 "THE IDEA OF THY LIFE SHALL
SWEETLY CREEP
INTO MY STVDY OF IMAGINATION
AND EVERY LOVELY ORGAN OF
THY LIFE/SHALL COME APPARELED IN
MORE PRECIOVS HABIT
MORE MOVING DELICATE AND
FVLL OF LIFE/INTO THE EYE AND PROSPECT
OF MY SOVL
THAN WHEN THOV LIV'ST INDEED"                                      
                                       SHAKESPEARE

The fame of Edwin Booth has long been overshadowed that of his younger brother John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln.  Edwin Thomas Booth was born in Bel Air, Maryland on November 13, 1833. His father, Junius Brutus Booth, and two younger brothers  Junius Brutus Booth, Jr. and John Wilkes Booth, were also Shakespearean actors. Edwin is considered by many theater critics to be the greatest 19th century American actor. Edwin Booth is also famous for construction of the glamorous Booth's Theater in Manhattan which opened on February 3, 1869,featured Shakespearean productions, and  operated until 1883.

Edwin Thomas Booth died on June 7, 1893. He was 59 years of age.

Grave of a Famous Person: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.350 W 071° 08.486



Short Description: 

The grave of poet, novelist, biographer, and physician Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. Is located along Lime Avenue in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA.



Long Description:

The grave of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. and his wife Amelia Lee Jackson is marked by a five sided stone marker which is inscribed:

OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES
Born August 22, 1809
Died October 7, 1894

----

AMELIA LEE JACKSON
wife of
Oliver Wendell Holmes
Born May 22, 1818
Died Feb. 6, 1888

Note: Someone took the trouble to lay a Chambered Nautilus by the grave; a reference his famous poem which is a staple of high school English classes.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. was a polymath. He was a poet, novelist, biographer, essayist, and a physician. He was born on August 29, 1809 in Cambridge, MA, graduated from the Phillips Academy, Harvard College and Harvard Medical School. He wrote poetry at an early age and his most famous poem "Old Ironsides" was published when he was only 21, in 1830. The poem was influential is the saving of the USS Constitution, now the oldest commissioned ship in the world.

Holmes, along with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, William Cullen Bryant, John Greenleaf Whittier, and James Russell Lowell were members of the Fireside Poets. A group of American poets whose works rivaled those of English poets. He often published his works in The Atlantic Monthly.



Selected list of works from Wikipedia:

Poetry

Old Ironsides
The Chambered Nautilus
Songs in Many Keys
Poems

Medical and psychological studies

Puerperal Fever as a Private Pestilence
Mechanism in Thought and Morals

Table-talk books

The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table
The Professor at the Breakfast-Table
The Poet at the Breakfast-Table
Over the Teacups

Novels

Elsie Venner (1861)
The Guardian Angel (1867)
A Mortal Antipathy (1885)

Articles

"The Stereoscope and the Stereograph", The Atlantic Monthly, volume 6 (1859)
"Sun-painting and sun-sculpture", The Atlantic Monthly, volume 8 (July 1861)
"Doings of the sun-beam", The Atlantic Monthly, volume 12 (July 1863)

Biographies and travelogue:

John Lothrop Motley, A Memoir (1876)
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1884)
Our Hundred Days in Europe (1887)

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Statue of Historic Figure: Nathaniel Bowditch - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Nathaniel Bowditch
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.424 W 071° 08.680



Short Description: 

A bronze statue of American mathematician Nathaniel Bowditch is located in a landscaped area at the intersection of Central Avenue and Chapel Avenue on the grounds of Mount Auburn Cemetery,





Long Description:

A 62" by 31.5" by 47.5" bronze statue mathematician and the founder of modern maritime navigation Nathaniel Bowditch rests on a 56" by 44" by 57.5" granite base. The statue was sculpted by Robert Hughes Ball and originally cast in 1847 and recast by Gruet Foundry of France in 1886.

Nathaniel Bowditch is depicted seated on a massive, arm-less chair. He is wearing a a long coat with a quilted collar which covers his clothing except for his knee length boots. over his clothing. He is holding a book propped against his right knee with his right hand. His left hand rests on his left knee. Several books are stacked on the floor by his right side. On his left side are a glove and a sextant. The sculpture is surrounded by a wrought iron fence. The front of the bronze plinth is inscribed BOWDITCH.

Nathaniel Bowditch was born on March 26, 1773 in Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony. As a youth he was an apprentice as a bookkeeper to a ship chandler. He taught himself algebra, calculus, Latin and French. When he was 18 he discovered many errors in John Hamilton Moore's The New Practical Navigator which led to the creation of his most famous work The American Practical Navigator, which is the most important book on navigation that is still used today by the US Navy. He also would be a translate Pierre-Simon de Laplace's Mécanique Céleste, a reference work on mathematics and theoretical astronomy. This translation was critical to the development of astronomy in the United States.

Among his works in print today are:

The American Practical Navigator

The New American Practical Navigator

The Marine Sextant: Selected from American Practical Navigator

The Complete Nautical Dictionary

Useful Tables from the American Practical Navigator

Methods of Computing the Orbit of a Comet Or Planet: Appendix to the Third Volume of the Translation of the Méchanique Céleste

Bowditch for yachtsmen: Piloting : selected from American practical navigator

Coastal Navigation

Waves, wind, and weather: Selected from American practical navigator

Bowditch's Useful Tables

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Grave of a Famous Person: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.411 W 071° 08.590



Short  Description: 

The grave of American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow is located near the intersection of Indian Ridge Path and Catalpa Path in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA.
Location: Massachusetts, United States



Long Description:

The grave of is marked by a 8' by 4' by 6' stone tomb set in a landscaped area of Mount Auburn Cemetery. The tomb is set three steps up on a stone block platform at the edge of a steep down slope. The exposed face of the tomb is simply inscribed LONGFELLOW. (visit link)

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born on February 27, 1807 in Portland, ME then a part of Massachusetts. He graduated Bowdoin College, in Brunswick, ME and became a professor at Bowdoin then Harvard Colleges. He is most famous for is lyric poetry although he also wrote several novels. His most famous poems include:

The Village Blacksmith (1840)
The Wreck of the Hesperus (1842)
Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie (1847)
The Song of Hiawatha (1855)
The Children's Hour (1860)
Paul Revere's Ride (1860)
Tales of a Wayside Inn (1863)

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, along with Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., William Cullen Bryant, John Greenleaf Whittier, and James Russell Lowell were members of the Fireside Poets. A group of American poets whose works rivaled those of English poets.

Longfellow died on March 24, 1882 in Cambridge, MA. In 1884, he was the first and only American poet to have his bust placed in Poet's Corner in Westminster Abbey, London.

Friday, June 16, 2017

Famous Fictional Figures: Thing 1 & Thing 2 - Springfield, MA


Thing 1 & Thing 2
Springfield, MA


N 42° 06.239 W 072° 35.173


Short Description:

Thing 1 and Thing 2 are twin brothers that appeared in the book The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss published in 1957. The sculpture is located at he newly opened (June 2017) Amazing World of Dr. Seuss Museum at the the Quadrangle, 21 Edwards St., Springfield, MA.



Long Description:

Thing 1 and Thing 2 were carried in a box into the home of  Conrad and Sally. When they were released  they created a great deal of mischief by flying kites in the house which knocked down everything in they bumped into. Eventually, Conrad was able to capture Thing 1 and Thing 2 using a net and the Cat in the Hat returned them to their box.