Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Grave of a Famous Person: Julia Ward Howe - Watertown, MA

Julia Ward Howe
Mt. Auburn Cemetery
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.178 W 071° 08.828



Short Description: 

The grave of poet, author, abolitionist, and women's rights activist Julia Ward Howe is located along Spruce Avenue opposite Pyrola Path in Mount Auburn Cemetery.

Long Description:

A simple stone marker facing Spruce Avenue marks the grave of Julia Ward Howe. The stone is inscribed:

JULIA WARD HOWE
Daughter of
SAMUEL WARD
Wife of 
SAMUEL GRIDLEY HOWE
Born May 27, 1819
Died October 10, 1910

Julia Ward was born on May 27, 1819 in New York City. She was educated by private tutors and in schools for young ladies until she was sixteen. She married physician and social reformer Gamuel Gridley Howe in 1843. Together the couple had six children.

She wrote essays on Goethe, Schiller and Lamartine which were published in the New York Review and Theological Review. She is most famous for writing the lyrics the the Union Civil War anthem The Battle Hymn of the Republic in 1861. After the War she became an activist for pacifism and women's suffrage. She helped found the New England Women's Club and the New England Woman Suffrage Association. In 1869, she became co-leader, with Lucy Stone, of the American Woman Suffrage Association. Howe was elected president of the Association for the Advancement of Women in 1881 and founded the Century Club of San Francisco. In 1890, she helped found the General Federation of Women’s Clubs.

Julia Ward Howe was the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, in 1908. She was inducted posthumously into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. She was honored by the United States postal Service with a 14 cent stamp in the Great American Series.

Selected works from Wikipedia:

Poetry:

Passion-Flowers (1854)
Words for the Hour (1857)
The Battle Hymn of the Republic (1861)
From Sunset Ridge: Poems Old and New (1898)
Later Lyrics (1866)
At Sunset, published posthumously (1910)

Other works:

The Hermaphrodite, Incomplete (1846 to 1847)
A Trip to Cuba (1860)
From the Oak to the Olive (1868)
Modern Society, essays (1881)
Margaret Fuller (Marchesa Ossoli), a biography, (1883)
Woman's Work in America (1891)
Is Polite Society Polite? , essays (1895)
Reminiscences: 1819–1899, an autobiography (1899)

Sunday, July 23, 2017

Grave of a Famous Person: Dorothea L. Dix - Watertown, MA

Dorothea L. Dix
Mt. Auburn Cemetery
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.397 W 071° 08.800



Short Description: 

The grave of teacher, author, nurse, and prison and mental health reformer Dorothea Lynde Dix is located along Spruce Avenue at the intersection of Columbine Path in Mount Auburn Cemetery.

Long Description:

The grave of Dorothea L. Dix is marked by a simple, unadorned headstone that is inscribed:

DOROTHEA L. DIX

Dorothea L. Dix was born on April 4, 1802 in Hampden, Massachusetts (now Maine). She grew up in Worcester MA. Around 1821 she started a school in Boston, serving well-to-do families. Soon she began teaching poor and less fortunate children. While teaching she was the author of many books for children. Ill health forced her to give up teaching.

She then traveled and witnessed the injustices of slavery and developed abolitionist views. Upon traveling to Europe she met reformers who inspired her to start working on equal rights for the mentally ill. Between 1840-41 she conducted a statewide investigations of care for the indigent mentally ill in Massachusetts. She published the first of several influential books titled Memorial to the Legislature of Massachusetts. She continued her crusade for the mentally ill in several other states. Her efforts were successful in the founding the first public mental hospital, the Harrisburg State Hospital in Pennsylvania. She also became an advocate for prison reform.

During the Civil War, Dix set aside her previous work to focus completely on the war effort. She was appointed Superintendent of Army Nurses by the Union Army. In this capacity set guidelines for nurses that she personally trained and hired. At the end of the war, she resumed her crusade to improve the care of prisoners, the disabled, and the mentally ill.

Dorothea L. Dix died on July 18, 1887 in Trenton, NJ at the age of 85. She was honored by the United States postal Service with a 1 cent stamp in the Great American Series.

Books by Dorothea L. Dix:

The Garland of Flora (botany)
Alice and Ruth
American Moral Tales: For Young Persons
Conversations on Common Things, or Guide to Knowledge: With Questions
Evening Hours
George Mills, or, The Little Boy Who Did Not Love His Books
Hymns for Children
Private Hours
The Trials of a School Girl
The Lady and the President : the letters of Dorothea Dix & Millard Fillmore

Books about mental health and prison reform:

On Behalf of the Insane Poor
Remarks on Prisons and Prison Discipline in the United States
Memorial to the Legislature of Massachusetts
Fifth Letter to Convicts in State Prisons and Houses of Correction, Or County Penitentiaries
Memorial of Miss D. L. Dix in Relation to the Illinois Penitentiary
Memorial of Miss D. L. Dix to the Hon. The General Assembly in Behalf of the Insane of Maryland

Friday, June 30, 2017

Civil War Monument: Bigelow Sphinx - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Bigelow Sphinx
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.396 W 071° 08.724

Quick Description: 

The Bigelow Sphinx was was commissioned and funded by Dr. Jacob Bigelow to commemorate the end of the American Civil War. It is located in a landscaped circle along Cedar Avenue in Mount Auburn Cemetery.

Long Description:

The Bigelow Sphinx is considered to be one of the most unusual Civil War monuments. A 6' high by 3' wide by 10' long sculpture of a sphinx with the face of an Anglo-American woman and the body of an African lion sits on a 5' by 5' by 15' base. The sculpture was commissioned by Dr. Jacob Bigelow and created by the famous Irish-American sculptor Martin Milmore. It was erected in Mount Auburn Cemetery in 1872.



On the right side of the base of the Bigelow Sphinx is the Latin inscription:

AMERICA CONSERVATA
AFRICAN LIBERATA
POPULO MAGNO ASURGENTE
HEROUM SANGUINE FUSO



On the left side of the base is the English equivalent:

AMERICAN UNION PRESERVED
AMERICAN SLAVERY DESTROYED
BY THE UPRISING OF A GREAT PEOPLE
BY THE BLOOD OF FALLEN HEROES

Thursday, June 29, 2017

Grave of a Famous Poet: Frances Sargent Osgood - Watertown, MA

Frances Sargent Osgood
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.216 W 071° 08.727



Short Description: 

The poet Frances Sargent Osgood, née Frances Sargent Locke, was one of the most well-known women writers of the mid-19th century. Her grave is located along Orange Path in Mount Auburn Cemetery.



Long Description:

The grave of Frances Sargent Osgood, and her three children, is located within a low fenced-in rectangular area. A 6' tall stone base is topped by a lyre shaped bronze sculpture supporting a bronze wreath that was inspired by her poem "The Hand That Swept the Sounding Lyre". The stone base is inscribed:

FRANCES SARGENT OSGOOD
died May 12, 1850
AEt. 38 yrs. 11 mos.

ELLEN FRANCES OSGOOD
died Aug. 31, 1851
AEt. 15 yrs. 11 mos.

MAY VINCENT OSGOOD
died June 26, 1851
AEt. 11 yrs. 11 mos.

FANNY FAY OSGOOD
died Oct. 25, 1847
AEt. 16 mos.

Frances Sargent Locke was born in Boston, MA on June 18, 1811. She attended the Boston Lyceum for Young Ladies and started writing poetry at a young age. She published her first poems when she was 14 years old in a periodical of children's poetry called Juvenile Miscellany. She continued writing for children throughout her life.

Frances Sargent Locke married the artist Samuel Stillman Osgood on October 7, 1835. Together they had three children. They moved to England where she published her collection of poems A Wreath of Flowers from New England and The Casket of Fate. She returned to Boston in 1839 and then the family moved to New York City where she sometimes wrote under the pseudonyms "Kate Carol" or "Violet Vane". In 1841 she published The Poetry of Flowers and the Flowers of Poetry in 1845 she began a public relationship with Edgar Allen Poe. Together they published several valentine poems they wrote to one another.

Frances Sargent Osgood reconciled with her husband and they and moved to Philadelphia where she became ill. She died of tuberculosis on May 12, 1850 at the age of aged 38.

Writings of Frances Sargent Osgood include:

THE HAND that swept the sounding lyre
  With more than mortal skill,
The lightning eye, the heart of fire,
  The fervent lip are still!
No more, in rapture or in woe,      
  With melody to thrill,
        Ah, nevermore!

But angel hands shall bring him balm
  For every grief he knew,
And Heaven’s soft harps his soul shall calm    
  With music sweet and true,
And teach to him the holy charm
  Of Israfel anew,
        Forevermore!

Love’s silver lyre he played so well    
  Lies shattered on his tomb,
But still in air its music-spell
  Floats on through light and gloom;
And in the hearts where soft they fell,
  His words of beauty bloom    
        Forevermore!

Poetry:

A Wreath of Flowers from New England  (collection)
"To My Book"
Elfrida, a dramatic poem in five acts
The Casket of Fate  (collection)
"So Let It Be"
"Echo-Song"
"Forgive and Forget"
"The Hand That Swept the Sounding Lyre"
"Little Red Riding-Hood"
"Old Friends"
"A Shipwreck"
"A Song"
"To S. S. Osgood"
"Why Will A Rose-Bud Blow?"
"The Violet's Love"

Books:

The Poetry of Flowers and the Flowers of Poetry
The Snowdrop: A New Year Gift for Children
Rose, Sketches in Verse
Puss in Boots
The Marquis of Carabas
Cries in New York
Poems

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Grave of a Famous person: R. Buckminster Fuller - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

R. Buckminster Fuller
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.186 W 071° 08.753



Short Description: 

The grave of author, poet, designer, and inventor Richard Buckminster Fuller is located between Pyrola and Bellwort Paths in Mount Auburn Cemetery.



Long Description:

The grave of R. Buckminster Fuller and his wife is marked by a pair of granite markers. The ground level marker is a granite rectangle containing the image of the geodesic figure known as a buckyball or the organic chemical known as buckminsterfullerene and is inscribed:

R. BUCKMINSTER FULLER
"CALL ME TRIMTAB"
JULY 12, 1895 - JULY 1, 1983

MARRIED JULY 19, 1917

ANNE HEWLETT FULLER
JANUARY 9, 1896 - JULY 3, 1983

A second marker, a raised granite rectangle is inscribed:

"CALL ME
TRIMTAB"
BUCKY

A trim tab is a small device that helps stabilize an enormous ship or aircraft. He used the trim tab as a metaphor for his philosophy that one small person can make an enormous difference in society.

Richard Buckminster Fuller, more commonly known as Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller was born on July 12, 1895 in Milton, MA. He attended Milton Academy and then Harvard College before serving in the U.S. Navy during World War I, as a radio operator. While teaching at Black Mountain College in NC he developed a form that would make him famous: the geodesic dome.

Buckmimster Fuller was also a prolific poet and writer. He published over 30 works of poetry, science, and fiction as well as an autobiography in which he coined or popularized terms such as "Spaceship Earth", ephemeralization, and synergetic. Wikipedia list the following Bibliography:

4d Timelock (1928)

Nine Chains to the Moon (1938)

Untitled Epic Poem on the History of Industrialization (1962)

Ideas and Integrities, a Spontaneous Autobiographical Disclosure (1963)

No More Secondhand God and Other Writings (1963)

Education Automation: Freeing the Scholar to Return (1963)

What I Have Learned: A Collection of 20 Autobiographical Essays, Chapter "How Little I Know", (1968)

Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (1968)

Utopia or Oblivion (1969)

Approaching the Benign Environment (1970)

I Seem to Be a Verb (1970)

Intuition (1970)

Buckminster Fuller to Children of Earth (1972)

The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller (1960, 1973) Earth, Inc (1973)

Synergetics: Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking (1975)

Tetrascroll: Goldilocks and the Three Bears, A Cosmic Fairy Tale (1975)

And It Came to Pass — Not to Stay (1976)

R. Buckminster Fuller on Education (1979)

Synergetics 2: Further Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking (1979)

Buckminster Fuller – Autobiographical Monologue/Scenario (1980)

Buckminster Fuller Sketchbook (1981)

Critical Path (1981)

Grunch of Giants (1983)

Inventions: The Patented Works of R. Buckminster Fuller (1983)

Humans in Universe (1983)

Cosmography: A Posthumous Scenario for the Future of Humanity (1992)

Monday, June 26, 2017

Grave Marker With Cause of Death: Arthur Buckminster Fuller - Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA

Arthur Buckminster Fuller
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.192 W 071° 08.761



Short Description: 

The grave of Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller, who was killed during the Civil War during the Battle of Frericksburg, is located in the Fuller family between Pyrola and Bellwort Paths in Mount Auburn Cemetery.



Long Description:

A marble monument with two embedded bronze plaques marks the grave of Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller and his wife. The upper plaque contains a Maltese Cross in the center of a wreath and is inscribed:

ARTHUR BUCKMINSTER
FULLER
GRADUATED HARVARD COLLEGE 1843
GRADUATED HARVARD DIVINITY SCHOOL 1847
COMMISSIONED CHAPLAIN OF THE
16TH MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS
AUGUST 1, 1861
KILLED AT FREDERICKSBURG, VA
DECEMBER 11, 1862
"I MUST DO SOMETHING FOR MY COUNTRY"

The lower plaque for is wife is inscribed:

EMMA LUCILLA REEVES
FULLER
HIS WIFE
-----
BORN SEPTEMBER 30, 1833
DIED SEPTEMBER 29, 1904
-----
"SHE MADE SUNSHINE IN THE SHADY PLACE"

The Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller was the grandfather of architect Buckminster Fuller and the brother of poet Margaret Fuller-Ossoli. He joined the 16th Massachusetts regiment as a chaplain and was honorably discharged on December 10, 1862 due to failing health. The next day he volunteered to join a a group of soldiers crossing the Rappahannock River. He and was killed while attempting to drive the Confederate sharpshooters from the city.

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Cenotaph/Grave With Cause of Death: Margaret Fuller-Ossoli, Husband and Son - Watertown, MA

Margaret Fuller-Ossoli
Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli
Giovanni Angelo Ossoli
Watertown, MA


N 42° 22.192 W 071° 08.755



Short Description: 

A memorial cenotaph honoring American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate Margaret Fuller-Ossoli, her husband  Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli, and which also the grave of her son Angelo Eugene Philip Ossoli is located between Pyrola and Bellwort Paths in Mount Auburn Cemetery.



Long Description:

American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate Margaret Fuller-Ossoli and her Italian husband Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli along with her one year old son Angelo Eugene Philip Ossoli died in a shipwreck just a few yards off Fire Island, NY.

The marble cenotaph, which also serves as and grave marker for their son, honoring Margaret Fuller-Ossoli contains a cross on top, a relief sculptures of Margaret Fuller-Ossoli in left profile with a sword hilt and a book, and a bronze tablet which is inscribed:

IN MEMORY OF
MARGARET FULLER-OSSOLI
BORN IN CAMBRIDGE, MASS., MAY 23, 1810

BY BIRTH A CHILD OF NEW ENGLAND
BY ADOPTION A CITIZEN OF ROME
BY GENIUS BELONGING TO THE WORLD

IN YOUTH
AN INSATIATE STUDENT SEEKING THE HIGHEST CULTURE

IN RIPER YEARS
TEACHER, WRITER, CRITIC, OF LITERATURE AND ART

IN MATURER AGE
COMPANION AND HELPER OF MANY
EARNEST REFORMER IN AMERICA AND EUROPE

AND OF HER HUSBAND
GIOVANNI ANGELO, MARQUIS OSSOLI
HE GAVE UP RANK, STATION AND HOME
FOR THE ROMAN REPUBLIC
AND FOR HIS WIFE AND CHILD

AND OF THAT CHILD
ANGELO EUGENE PHILIP OSSOLI
BORN IN RIETI, ITALY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1848
WHOSE DUST REPOSES AT THE FOOT OF THIS STONE

THEY PASSED FROM THIS LIFE, TOGETHER
BY SHIPWRECK JULY 19, 1850

On the marble below is the inscription:

United in life the merciful father took them together
and in death they were not devided.

Sarah Margaret Fuller was born on May 23, 1810 in Cambridge, MA. She attended the Boston Lyceum for Young Ladies from and later the School for Young Ladies in Groton. She aspired to be a journalist. At age 23, she published her first work in the North American Review - a response to historian George Bancroft.

From 1840 to 1842, she served with Ralph Waldo Emerson as editor of a literary and philosophical journal, The Dial; for which she wrote many articles and reviews on art and literature. Her essay The Great Lawsuit. Man versus Men, Woman versus Women was a call for women's equality.

After she published Summer on the Lakes, in 1844, she was invited to joined Horace Greeley's New York Tribune as literary critic, was the first full-time book reviewer in America, and the first female editor of the New York Tribune. In 1845, she published Woman in the Nineteenth Century, which is considered to be a classic of feminist thought.

On a trip to Europe, she met and married Marquis Giovanni Angelo Ossoli. Together they has a son, Angelo. All three died in a shipwreck only 50 yards off Fire Island, NY on July 19, 1850. Her body and that of her husband were never recovered. She was 40 years old.