Tuesday, February 6, 2018

Statues of Historic Figure: Anne Frank - Oranjestad, Aruba

Anne Frank
Oranjestad, Aruba

N 12° 30.977 W 070° 02.130

Short Description: 

A statue of Dutch young author and holocaust victim Anne Frank is located Queen Wilhelmina Park on L.G. Smith Blvd. in Oranjestad, Aruba.

Long Description:

A life size bronze statue of of Anne Frank depicts the young Jewish holocaust victim standing on a 4' high by 3' square granite base. Frank is barefoot and wearing a knee length dress, Her hands are hands are bound in front of her and her head is leaning back, looking towards the sky.

The statue was created by Dutch artist Joep Coppens and financed by the Fundacion RESPETA BIDA….semper corda (RESPECT LIFE….always remember Foundation) It was installed in Queen Wilhelmina Part on the anniversary of Anne Frank's birth, June 12th, 2010.

Each of the four sides of the base contains the quote from her diary is a different language - Papiamento, English, Dutch and Spanish. The English side is inscribed:

"How wonderful is it that nobody 
need wait a single moment to improve 
the world!"

                                                                                            Anne Frank

Anne Frank was a young Jewish girl from Amsterdam who lost her life in a Nazi concentration camp and became famous through her diaries. She was born on June 12, 1929. During the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, she was hidden from capture in a private home. The world would know little of her life but for the diary she kept while hidden in the secret annex of this house. Anne had hoped to write a novel about her experiences but she was discovered and arrested before she could fulfill her wish. She was transported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she died of typhus in March 1945, another Jewish victim of the Holocaust.

Her diary was discovered by her surviving father, Otto Frank, soon after the war. He saw that it was published and it soon became an international best-seller. Thus, her story has become widely known and has been the basis for several plays and films, most notably 1959 film The Diary of Anne Frank.

Statue of Historic Figure: Queen Wilhelmina - Oranjestad, Aruba

Queen Wilhelmina
Oranjestad, Aruba

N 12° 30.956 W 070° 02.123

Short Description: 

A statue of the Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands is located in Queen Wilhelmina Park along L. G. Smith Boulevard in Oranjestad, Aruba.

Long Description:

A larger than life size statue of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands is the centerpiece of Queen Wilhelmina Park. The statue depicts the former Queen standing wearing a long formal gown that extends well beyond her feet. The gown has a sash around her waist. She also wears a second sash diagonally from her right shoulder to her left hip with a flower pin on the sash at her hip. On her head is a tiara and she is holding a fan with both hands at waist level. A medal on her chest is hanging is from a necklace. She has a badge below her left shoulder.

The one half ton statue was sculpted of white Carrara marble by Italian sculptor Italian sculptor Arnaldo Lualdi. It was financed by donations from the citizens of Aruba and transported from Europe for free by the Royal Netherlands Steamship Company.

The Queen is standing on a white marble step set of a rectangular green marble base. The base is place four steps up large stone platform with stairs on both front corners. The front of the platform is inscribed:

Nos Reina Stima
1890 - 1948

Which translated from Papiamento is:

Our Beloved Queen
1890 - 1948

Wilhelmina Helena Paulina Maria, Princess of Orange-Nassau, was 10 years old when she inherited the throne in 1890 upon the death of her father, Willem III. Her mother, Queen Emma, ruled as Regent until Wilhelmina was formally crowned as Queen in 1898 after her 18th birthday. She reigned for 58 years, serving during both World War I and World War II. After Germany attacked the Netherlands in May 1940, Queen Wilhelmina and her ministers fled to England where they set up a government in exile. In 1948 Queen Wilhelmina abdicated the throne in favor of her daughter Princess Juliana. Wilhelmina died in Het Loo Palace at the age of 82 on 28 November 28, 1962 and is buried in the Dutch Royal Family crypt in the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft on December 8, 1962.

Philatelic Photograph: Willem III Tower at Fort Zouman - Oranjestad, Aruba

Willem III Tower
Fort Zouman 
Oranjestad, Aruba

N 12° 31.071 W 070° 02.146

Short Description: 

The Willem III Tower at Fort Zouman is an historic lighthouse and clocktower. The tower is located at Zoutmanstraat 6, Oranjestad, Aruba.

Long Description:

Fort Zouman was built in 1798 by the Dutch military. In 1866 construction began on a lighthouse from which the town clock could be housed. The tower was named after King William III of the Netherlands. It was first lit on the king's birthday, February 19, 1868.

The arched doorway at the base of the tower served as the west entrance to the fort. The lamp was originally lit by kerosene. It was replaced by a petrol lamp, an acetylene lamp, and in 1935 an electrical lamp. It is somewhat inland from the coast due to landfills over time. The lamp was removed in 1963 and the tower ceased to function as a lighthouse. The clock continues to be in use.

The stamp was issued on October 16, 2015 as part of a series of 8 stamps depicting Aruban Monuments.

Philatelic Photograph: Saint Francis Church & Pro-Cathedral - Oranjestad, Aruba

Saint Francis Church & Pro-Cathedral
Oranjestad, Aruba

N 12° 31.372 W 070° 02.099

Quick Description: 

Saint Francis Church & Pro-Cathedral is the main Catholic church in Oranjestad. It is located at J. Irausquinplein 3, Oranjestad, Aruba.

Long Description:

Saint Francis Church is the Pro-Cathedral of Aruba in the Diocese of Willemstad, Curacao - Luigi Antonio Secco, Bishop. The church has a Monday morning Mass at 7:00 a.m., and then Masses on Sundays at 6:30 a.m., 8:00 a.m., 10:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m.

An aluminum sign outside the church gives the history of the church. It is inscribed in English and Spanish. The English inscription is:

Saint Francis Church

Saint Francis Church, built in 1919, is one of Oranjestads's most important iconic landmarks. For the longest time, the church tower was the highest point, serving as an ideal reference point for sailors.

This is the fifth church of its name on this location. The first St. Francis Church was build between 1809 and 1813. with walls of plaited branches and a roof of cornstalks, it collapsed during a rainstorm in 1828. The second St. Francis Church was consecrated in 1828. On Thursday, April 22, 1864, the first stone of the of the third St. Francis Church was laid. However, that building collapse even before its official consecration, with only the northern wall, the tower, and the chancel surviving, which was later swiftly rebuilt. In the end, the third St. Francis Church did not suffice either. A fourth St. Francis Church was consecrated on May 1st, 1871.

The church shares many similarities with St. Anne's Church in Noord, which is no surprise since both churches were designed by the priest Stephanus van de Pavert. The Franciscan complex consists of the St. Francis Church and an accompanying rectory. The complex plays an important role in the island's history if churches in general, and those of the Dominican Order in particular. 

Construction Period: 1919
Restored in: 2014
Source: Monumentenbureau, Olga van de Klooster & Michel Bakker

The stamp was issued by Aruba on October 28, 2010 as part of a set for four stamps depicting Aruban houses of worship.

Philatelic Photograph: Ecury Mansion of the National Archaeological Museum - Oranjestad, Aruba

Ecury Mansion
of the 
National Archaeological Museum
Oranjestad, Aruba

N 12° 31.252 W 070° 02.295

Quick Description: 

The National Archaeological Museum of Aruba is located at Schelpstraat 42 in downtown Oranjestad.

Long Description:

In the late 1980’s historic building in downtown Oranjestad was acquired and restoration of for a new home for its Archaeological Museum. A complex of single and two-story historic buildings was formerly the property of the Ecury family. They feature Dutch colonial architecture of the late 19th and 20th centuries.

In 1997 the Aruban Government bought the complex for the National Archaeological Museum. In 2006 restoration and construction work began on the historic buildings with the addition of exhibition space. The final design for the exhibit was completed in November 2007 and in December 2007 the museum’s employees moved to the new location to set up the exhibits. The central building of the Ecury complex is an excellent example of 20th century Aruban Colonial architecture. The two story green and white mansion is the newest building of the museum. It was originally build in 1929. It features beautiful decorative woodworking over the first floor portico and the second floor balcony.

The museum is open Tuesday to Friday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday and Sunday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

The stamp is part of a souvenir sheet of four stamps issued on July 3, 2009 featuring Aruban Architecture.

Philatelic Photograph: California Lighthouse - Aruba

California Lighthouse

N 12° 36.821 W 070° 03.085

Short Description: 

The California Lighthouse, a major tourist attraction, is located on a plateau at the north west end of the island of Aruba.

Long Description:

An aluminium sign near the California Lighthouse give the history and the technical details about the California Lighthouse in English and in Spanish. It is inscribed (in English):

Between 1914 and 1916 a large complex, known to locals as the California Lighthouse, was built on the Hudishibana limestone plateau at Aruba's west point. The complex included a lighthouse keeper's residence (now a restaurant), and an impressive flight of steps leading up to the plateau. The California Lighthouse takes its name from a steamer owned by the West India and Pacific Steamship Co., the California, which stuck a rock and sank just off the coast.

The California Lighthouse stands about 30 meters tall and mostly built out of crushed stone, limestone, and cement. The steel construction for the gas lamp, mirrors, and other parts was another 7.5 meters tall. the gas lamp, ordered from France, took quite some time to arrive on the island, its delivery delayed by World War I. Once installed, the light signaled six times a minute - every ten seconds. The rotation mechanism for the light beam was highly ingenious. Over the course of the night, a weight descended from the lantern room to the ground level The first lighthouse keeper's name was Jacob Jacobs.

The lighthouse and its interior were restored between 2015 and 2016, allowing visitors to enter the lighthouse and observe the inside of this iconic landmark, which has certainly become one of the island's most popular attractions. 

Construction period: 1914-1916
Registered in the Monument Register: July 20, 2012
Restored in: 2015-2016
Source: Monumentenbureau, Olga van der Klooster & Michel Bakker
This monument is owned by: Monumentfund Aruba.

The stamp is part of the first set of 16 stamps issued by the newly independent country of Aruba from 1986-1987.

Philatlelic Photograph & Factory Tour - Aruba Aloe Balm N.V. - Hato, Aruba

Aruba Aloe Balm N.V.
Hato, Aruba

N 12° 32.449 W 070° 02.239

Short Description: 

Aruba Aloe Balm N.V. aloe vera field, factory, and museum is located at Pitastraat 115, Hato, Aruba.

Long Description:

The aloe industry in Aruba was founded in 1890 by Cornelis Eman, who founded the present day Aruba Aloe Balm N.V., the oldest aloe company in the world and one of the first companies to formulate and manufacture aloe based products.

The tour starts under a divi-divi tree, next to the aloe fields where an employs describes the growing process of the aloe vera plant and demonstrated the removal of the core of the leaves from which the aloe products are made. The tour then goes inside where the aloe is processed and each of the stages of processing are explained such as the aloe cutting room, the testing lab, the filling room, and packing and storage. The tour ends with a visit to the gift shop where you can buy aloe products and the museum with exhibits about the history of aloe.

The aloe vera field extends for 590 feet along Pitastraat and is 450 feet deep at its westernmost boundary. All the aloe plants used to create their products is harvested from this field.

The stamp was issued by Aruba as part of a set of 3 stamps on January 27, 1988 to commemorate aloe production in Aruba.